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extent of harappan civilization

and 1600 B.C. An insufficient number of archaeological surveys has been carried out to date on Harappan Civilization cemeteries. This made time scholars assume that Harappan civilization lasted at least till sixteenth century B.C. India had at that time carried on efficient trade with foreign lands. The Harappan civilization was located in the Indus River valley. It is surprising that people hardly realize the extent of the Harappan civilization. It is as if these areas bore witness to the transformation of Harappan civilisation. The comparative analysis of the ruins found at different places of the Indus valley and Mesopotamia gives us an account of origin and Extent of Harappa Civilization. Harappan Geographical Spread. It spread from Sut Kanjo Daro in Baluchistan in the west to Alarngirpore in Mirat district in U. P. and from Rupar in Hariyana to the Gulf of Cambay and the Bhagabar Valley in Gujarat. After 1947, governments of India and Pakistan took initiative to conduct excavations in more other places and discovered relics of the Indus Civilization. The centre of the civilization was in Sind and Punjab in undivided India, from this centre, the civilization spread towards all direction. The older view that the Harappan culture was exotic and had no capacity to expand within the Indian sub-continent has lost its force due to the discovery of Harappan relics in wide areas of India. A number of other sites stretching from the Himal… The map shows the extent of the Harappan or Indus Civilization along with the various neolithic sites in the region. Log in Join now Secondary School. It has the largest area of civilisation: 12,99,600 sq km. The discoveries made at these architectural sights give us great insight into the lives & lifestyles of our ancestors. In 1872–75 Alexander Cunningham published the first Harappan seal (with an erroneous identification as Brahmi letters). At places near Bikaner of Rajasthan, a number of articles have been discovered, after excavation of the sandy areas. Formerly it was believed that the extent of Harappan civilization was confined within only the Indus Valley. The ruins of a very old civilisation were beneath the ground wherein the actual excavation was being carried on. The main centers of the Harappan civilization as revealed by the recent excavations are: Rise of Magadha Empire (Magadha Imperialism) – Geographical, Economic and Political Factors, Extent of the Indus Valley Civilization (Harappan Civilization). After 1947, governments of India and Pakistan took initiative to conduct excavations in more other places, and discovered relics of the Indus Civilization. The Harappan sites were spread over Kathiawar and Gujarat almost the whole Punjab, Northern Rajasthan, Jammu, Sindh, Afghanistan and Balochistan. Related posts: What are the probable causes of the downfall of the Harappan civilization? Rupar in Hariyana situated on the bank of the Sutlej. Harappa is the name of the ruins of an immense capital city of the Indus Civilization, and one of the best-known sites in Pakistan, located on the bank of the Ravi River in central Punjab Province.At the height of the Indus civilization, between 2600–1900 BCE, Harappa was one of a handful of central places for thousands of cities and towns covering a million square kilometers (about … 1) and largely depended on river water for agriculture . Harappa was in the Montgomery district of the Punjab and was 650 kilometres away from Mohenjodaro. It was more than a million square kilometers in area, much larger than modern Pakistan, much larger than all the other ancient civilizations, excepting China of course, put together. The Indus Valley Civilization was a Bronze Age civilization spreading from today’s North-East Afghanistan to Pakistan and North-West India. Its extent reached as far south as the Gulf of Khambhat and as far east as the Yamuna (Jumna) River. Harappa in Punjab and the town was situated on the bank of the Ravi. History. The civilisation, with a possible writing system, urban centers, and diversified social and economic system, was rediscovered in the 1920s also after excavations at Mohenjo-daro in Sindh near Larkana, and Harappa, in west Punjab south of Lahore. This area is triangular in shape and no other ancient civilization was extended to such a large area. Archaeological excavation of excavation of an ancient Buddhist temple was conducted at Larkana district in Sind. Origin. « Previous Article Next Article » Right from North Afghanistan to South India and West Pakistan to Central-Eastern India, the Geographical extent of the IVC is approx 12,00,000 sqkm. Its two large cities, Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, were located in present-day Pakistan’s Punjab and Sindh provinces, respectively. One case in point is the necropolis at Rakhigarhi site (Haryana, India), one of the largest cities of the Harappan Civilization, where most burials within the cemetery remained uninvestigated. In 1920-21, the Harappan civilization was discovered in the excavations by D. R. Salini (at Harappa) and by R. D. Banerjee (at Mohenjo Daro). The Harappans settled the Indus plain over a territory larger than the contemporary extent … The extent of the Harappa civilization has now been determined to be a vast territory stretching for more than 1000 kilometer from north to south and about 1500 kilometer from west to east. Origin and Extent of Harappan Civilisation The urban harappan culture was a result of growth and development of local village cultures. At Rangur, Lothal in Gujarat, and in some other places near the Nerboda, same traces as those at Harappa have been found. Indus Valley Civilization is also known as Harappan Civilization because Harappa was the first site to be excavated in 1921 under the supervision of Daya Ram Sahni. The entire area of Harappa is triangular in shape. But some recent discoveries have led the archaeologists and the historians to advance the timeline of  Indus Valley civilization. It is found that the circumferential extension of the civilisation over the area was 1550 kilometers. Some archaeologists are of opinion that the date of Indus Valley Civilization was between 3250 B.C. Indus Valley Civilization: characteristics and significance, art and architecture- Part I. Archaeologistsfurther discovered in Harappa the same ruins of the civilisation as were found at Mohenjodaro. Extent of the civilisation - shortcut The entire area of the Harappan civilisation is triangular in shape and accounts for about 1,299,600 sq km and was the largest area amongst the ancient civilisations. An insufficient number of archaeological surveys has been carried out to date on Harappan Civilization cemeteries. However, recent excavations in Gujarat have shown that the extent of the civilization is much more than what people had thought it to be earlier. At Ruper in north-eastern Punjab, relics similar to those of Mohenjodaro and Harappa especially clay vessels of drivers colour and shape have been found. Mohenjo-Daro in Sind. It was believed to be a hub of art and culture and architecture. The Harappan or Indus Civilization (1 ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ –8) developed at the arid outer edge of the monsoonal rain belt (9, Fig. have been unearthed in copies number. This made time scholars assume that Harappan civilization lasted at least till sixteenth century B.C. Harappan Civilization, also known as Indus Valley Civilization, had flourished across the area of the North-Western part of the Indian subcontinent around 2500 BC. Harappan civilization Harappan civilization. This civilization was spread over an area of about 1600 kilometers from West to East and 1100 kilometers from North to South. This civilization was largest of the four ancient urban civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, South Asia and China and covered an area of around 13 Lakh square kilometers. The Harappan Civilisation has its earliest roots in cultures such as that of Mehrgarh, approximately 6000 BC. What was the extent of the Harappan Civilization? It spread from Sut Kanjo Daro in Baluchistan in the west to Alarngirpore in Mirat district in U. P. and from Rupar in Hariyana to the Gulf of Cambay and the Bhagabar Valley in Gujarat. The excavation at Mehrangarh 150 miles to the northwest of Mohenjo-Daro reveals the existence of pre-Harappan culture. Till 1920, the relics of the civilization were found only in the Indus valley region; therefore, it was known as the Indus civilization. and 1800 B.C. 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